Types of flu vaccines for children
Children 6 months and older necessity get an annual flu vaccine. For the 2019-2020 flu season, CDC recommends annual influenza vaccination for everyone 6 months and older by any licensed, age-appropriate flu vaccine.
- Injectable influenza vaccine (IIV) is given as an injection (with a needle) and is accepted for use in people 6 months and older.
- Live inactivated influenza vaccine (LAIV) is given as a nasal spray and is celebrated for use in people 2 through 49 existences old. However, there is a precaution alongside the use of nasal spray flu vaccine (LAIV) in people among certain underlying medical conditions. More information about the nasal spray flu vaccine can be found here.
Your child’s health upkeep provider will know which vaccines are correct for your child.
For more information on the different types of flu vaccines available visit CDC’s Different Types of Flu Vaccines page.
When must Children get a Flu Vaccine
Children must be vaccinated every flu season for the best protection against flu. For children who want need two doses of flu vaccine, the any dose should be given as early in the season as possible. For other children, it is good practice to get them vaccinated by the end of October. However, getting vaccinated later can still be protective, as long as flu viruses are circulating. While seasonal flu outbreaks can happen as early as October, during most seasons flu activity peaks between December and February. Since it takes about two weeks while vaccination for antibodies to develop in the body that protect anti flu virus infection, it is best that republic get vaccinated so they are protected beforehand influenza begins spreading in their community.
Special vaccination stabilities for children aged 6 months through 8 ages of age
- Some children 6 months through 8 ages of age require two doses of flu vaccine for adequate protection from flu. Children in this age business getting vaccinated for the first time, and those who contain only previously gotten one dose of vaccine, should get two doses of vaccine this season—spaced at least 4 weeks apart. Your child’s health care provider can reveal you if your child needs two doses.
- If your child consumes the two doses, begin the process early. This will ensure that your child is safe before influenza starts circulating in your community.
- Be certain to get your child a second dose if he or she consumes one. It usually takes about two weeks when the second dose for protection to begin.
Other Preventive Actions
In addition to sketch a flu shot, children and caregivers of young children, should take the same everyday preventive actions CDC recommends for everyone, including covering coughs, washing hands often, and avoiding people who are sick.
Symptoms and Treatment
Flu symptoms include fever, cough, sore throat, runny or stuffy nose, body aches, headache, and fatigue. Some farmland may also have vomiting and diarrhea, which additional common in children than adults. People may be infected beside flu and have respiratory symptoms without a fever.
More information on at what time to seek emergency care is available online.
Your child’s health love provider can help decide whether your child should recall antiviral drugs if they become sick plus flu this season. Antiviral drugs for children reach in the form of pills, liquid, inhaled powder, or intravenous solution. They fight flu by keeping flu viruses from reproducing in the body. Antiviral drugs must be prescribed by a doctor — they are not available over-the-counter.
More information on children and flu antiviral drugs is available online.
People experiencing these warning signs should collect medical care right away.
- Fast breathing or difficulty breathing
- Bluish lips or face
- Ribs unsheathing in with each breath
- Chest pain
- Severe muscle hurt (child refuses to walk)
- Dehydration (no urine for 8 hours, dry mouth, no tears when crying)
- Not alert or interacting when awake
- Fever over 104°F
- In children less than 12 weeks, any fever
- Fever or cough that advance but then return or worsen
- Worsening of chronic medical conditions
- Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
- Persistent injure or pressure in the chest or abdomen
- Persistent dizziness, confusion, inability to arouse
- Not urinating
- Severe muscle pain
- Severe weakness or unsteadiness
- Fever or cough that loan but then return or worsen
- Worsening of chronic medical conditions
These lists are not all inclusive. Please consult your medical provider for any other symptom that is punitive or concerning.
any children are at especially high risk
Children at greatest law court of serious flu-related complications include the following:
Children younger than 6 months old
These children are too young to be vaccinated. The best way to protect these children is for their mother to get a flu shot during pregnancy and for farmland around them to get vaccinated, as well. A flu shot given during pregnancy has existed shown to not only protect the mother from flu, but too to help protect the baby from flu infection for several months at what time birth, before he or she is old enough to be vaccinated.
Children former 6 months up to their 5th birthday
Since 2010, CDC estimates that flu-related hospitalizations among children younger than 5 ages ranged from 7,000 to 26,000. Even children in this age companionship who are otherwise healthy are at high courtyard simply because of their age. Additionally, children 2 ages of age up to their 5th birthday are additional likely than healthy older children to be considered to a doctor, an urgent care inner, or the emergency room because of flu1,2,3. To protect their health, all children 6 months and older should be vaccinated anti flu each year. Vaccinating young children, their families, and other caregivers can also help protect them from attracting sick.
American Indian and Alaskan Native children
These children are extra likely to have severe flu illness that results in hospitalization or death.4,5
Children conventional 6 months old through 18 years old with chronic health problems, including:
- Asthma and other chronic lung diseases (such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease [COPD] and cystic fibrosis)
- Neurologic and neurodevelopment states [including disorders of the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerve, and muscle such as cerebral palsy, epilepsy (seizure disorders), stroke, intellectual disability (mental retardation), moderate to severe developmental delay, muscular dystrophy, or spinal cord injury]
- Chronic lung disease
- middle disease (such as congenital heart disease, congestive middle failure and coronary artery disease)
- Blood disorders (such as sickle cell disease)
- Endocrine disorders (such as diabetes mellitus)
- Kidney disorders
- Liver disorders
- Metabolic disorders (such as inherited metabolic disorders and mitochondrial disorders)
- Weakened immune scheme due to disease or medication (such as republic with HIV or AIDS, or cancer, or those on chronic steroids)
- Children who are taking aspirin or salicylate-containing medicines
- Extreme obesity, which has been associated with severe flu illness in slightly studies of adults, may also be a courtyard factor for children. Childhood obesity is defined as a body mass index (BMI) at or throughout the 95th percentile, for age and sex.
This article has been published by www.cdc.gov with the title Children & Influenza (Flu) . Please share if useful.