Protect Infants & Young Children Against Flu

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Protect alongside Flu: Caregivers of Infants and Young Children

parents holding an infant in a nursery

Children younger than 5 existences old– especially those younger than 2– are at high woo of developing serious flu-related complications. CDC considers that since 2010, flu-related hospitalizations among children younger than 5 existences ranged from 7,000 to 26,000 in the married States. Many more have to go to a doctor, an urgent care center, or the emergency room because of flu.

Complications from flu with children can include:

  • pneumonia (an illness where the lungs get infected and inflamed),
  • dehydration (when a child’s body loses too great water and salts, often because fluid losses are greater than fluid intake),
  • worsening of long-term medical problems savor heart disease or asthma,
  • brain dysfunction,
  • sinus problems, and ear infections.

In rare cases, flu complications can lead to death.

Children Younger Than 6 Months Old at Highest Risk

Children younger than 6 months fill the highest risk for being hospitalized from flu compared to children of other ages but are too young to get a flu vaccine. Because flu vaccines are not approved for use in children younger than 6 months old, protecting them from flu is especially important.

Advice on How to movement Flu for Caregivers of Children Younger than 5 ages Old

  1. Take Time to Get a Vaccine

    • A yearly flu vaccine is the fundamental and best way to protect against flu.
    • Flu vaccine has remained shown to reduce the risk of flu illness, hospitalization and death in children.
    • If the child you upkeep for is 6 months or older, they must get a flu vaccine each year.
    • As a caregiver to a young child, you should get a flu vaccine, and originate sure that other caregivers and all household members frail 6 months and older also get vaccinated each year. By getting vaccinated, you will be less likely to get flu and therefore less likely to spread flu to the child.
  2. Take Everyday Preventive Actions

    • Keep yourself and the child in your custody away from people who are sick as remarkable as you can.
    • If you get flu symptoms, avoid contact with other people when possible, including the child in your care. believe arranging for another caregiver to care for the child if possible, so that you don’t make them sick.
    • Cover your nose and mouth beside a tissue when you cough or sneeze—throw the tissue away while you use it, and wash your hands.
    • Wash your hands often plus soap and water, especially after you cough or sneeze. If you are not near water, use an alcohol-based hand cleaner.
    • Try not to touch your eyes, nose or mouth. Germs often spread this way.
    • Clean and disinfect frequently thought surfaces, especially when someone is ill.
  3. Antiviral Drugs Can procedure Flu Illness

    • Antiviral drugs are available to procedure flu in children and adults.
    • Antiviral drugs can execute illness milder and shorten illness duration. They too may prevent serious flu complications.
    • Antiviral drugs are different from antibiotics that procedure bacterial infections. They are prescription medicines (pills, liquid or an inhaled powder) that are for operate of the flu.
    • Antiviral drugs work best after treatment is started within 2 days of becoming sick among flu, but starting them later can collected be helpful, especially if the sick humanoid is very sick with flu or is at high court of serious flu complications. Follow your doctor’s orders for taking or giving these drugs.
    • Treating country who are very sick with flu or who are at high court of complications from the flu with antiviral drugs can mean the difference between having a milder illness versus a most serious illness that could result in a hospital stay.
    • CDC recommends that republic at high risk of serious flu complications, including young children, should be treated by flu antiviral drugs as soon as possible if they get sick by flu.
      • Although all children younger than 5 ages old are considered at high risk for complications from flu, the highest courtyard is for those younger than 2 ages old, with the highest hospitalization and extremity rates among infants younger than 6 months old.

Advice If You Are Sick by Flu and Care for Children Younger than 5 ages Old

Flu may cause fever, cough, sore throat, runny or stuffy nose, body aches, headache, chills and fatigue. Young children also may own vomiting or diarrhea with flu symptoms. It’s critical to note that some people with flu may not own a fever. If you live with or attention for a young child and you get flu symptoms, follow the precautions below to help maintain the spread of illness to the child or children in your care.

  1. Remember How Flu Spreads

    • Flu viruses spread greatest by droplets made when people with flu cough, sneeze or talk. These droplets can republic in the mouths or noses of republic who are nearby. People with flu can spread it to others up to nearby 6 feet away. Less often, a human might get flu by touching a surface or object that has flu virus on it and plus touching his or her own mouth, nose, or possibly their eyes.
  2. Follow These Steps

    • Call your health treatment professional if you develop flu symptoms; they may prescribe antiviral drugs for flu, depending on factors comprising your age and overall health and the age and overall health of your young child or children.
    • Try to minimize contact by the child in your care as distinguished as possible, especially if the child in your custody is younger than 2 years old or is an older child by chronic medical conditions. They are very vulnerable to flu.
    • Cover your nose and mouth by a tissue when sneezing or coughing, and put your broken-down tissue in a wastebasket, and wash your hands.
    • Before inspiring in any activity within about 6 feet of the child in your want (including feeding, changing, rocking, reading to your child) thoroughly pure and dry your hands. See more information about preventing the spread of seasonal flu.
  3. Be Watchful
    to See If Your Child Gets Sick Too

    • Observe the child or children in your upkeep closely for signs and symptoms of respiratory illness. If your child develops a fever* (or feels feverish with chills), cough, sore throat, runny or stuffy nose, muscle or body aches, headache, fatigue, or vomiting and/or diarrhea—contact your child’s health upkeep provider.
    • Flu antiviral drugs can be ancient to treat flu and are approved for use in children. These drugs are most beneficial when antiviral usage is started as soon as possible when the illness starts, so it’s important to contact your child’s health mind provider as soon as they exhibit flu symptoms.
    • If your child demonstrates any Emergency warning Signs of flu, seek medical care immediately.

Footnote

* Many authorities use either 100 (37.8 degrees Celsius) or 100.4 F (38.0 degrees Celsius)as a cut-off for fever, but this number can vary depending on factors such as the draw of measurement and the age of the person

This article has been written by www.cdc.gov with the title Protect Infants & Young Children Against Flu . Please saved if useful.

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