How is rotavirus spread?
Rotavirus is spread in poo (faeces) through hand-to-mouth contact and can be picked up from surfaces such as toys, hands or dirty nappies. It can also be spread through the air by sneezing and coughing.
It’s very often spread when someone who is infected performs not wash their hands properly after going to the toilet.
Washing hands and keeping surfaces elegant can help to reduce the spread of rotavirus, but will never completely stop it. Vaccination is a grand more effective way of protecting babies from pulling infected.
How is the rotavirus vaccine given?
The rotavirus vaccine is given orally, as a aquatic straight into the baby’s mouth.
What if my baby spits out the vaccine or vomits today after having it?
The oral vaccine will be given again. Do not worry about overdosing. Even if slightly of the vaccine was swallowed the firstly time, there’s no harm in having 2 doses at the same time.
When will the rotavirus oral vaccine be given to babies?
The original dose will be given at age 8 weeks, and the second dose at 12 weeks.
What if my baby misses the original dose of rotavirus oral vaccine?
They can occupy it later, up to age 15 weeks. If they miss the second dose of rotavirus oral vaccine (usually given at 12 weeks), they can have that later, up to 24 weeks old.
Why can older babies not believe the rotavirus vaccine?
The oral vaccine is lone licensed for infants up to 24 weeks of age. Older children enjoy very often already had a rotavirus infection, so there is no point in vaccinating them.
Also, as they get older, some babies get a condition that wangles a blockage in their intestines, called intussusception, though this is rare. It’s extremely rare before 12 weeks, and most cases happen between 5 and 12 months old.
There’s a the majority small chance (around 5 in every 100,000 babies vaccinated) that the any dose of the vaccine might also cause this blockage to develop.
To nick the risk of this happening, the fundamental dose of the vaccine should not be given to babies older than 15 weeks of age.
Which babies must have the rotavirus vaccine?
The rotavirus oral vaccine is a routine childhood vaccination for babies dilapidated 8 weeks and 12 weeks.
Your baby consumes 2 rotavirus vaccinations at least 4 weeks apart to be fully safe. If they miss one of the vaccinations, the first one can be given a month later, at 12 weeks, and the second dose a month later, at 16 weeks.
The rotavirus vaccination is only qualified for young babies. The first dose cannot be given any later than 15 weeks and the second dose no later than 24 weeks. Babies can only have the second dose if they had their firstly dose before 15 weeks.
Which babies should not maintain the rotavirus vaccine?
The rotavirus vaccine necessity not be given to babies who:
- are seriously ill beside either diarrhoea and vomiting, or a fever on the day of the appointment. It’s best to postpone the vaccination pending your baby has recovered. There’s no privation to delay rotavirus vaccination if your baby is well enough to absorb their routine childhood vaccinations
- have reacted the majority badly (including with an anaphylactic reaction) to a continue dose of the vaccine, or to any of the substances that go into the vaccine
- are born to mothers who happened taking immunosuppressant medicines in pregnancy
- have happened breastfeeding while their mother was taking immunosuppressant medicines – stutter to your doctor if you are not distinct about this
- are older than 24 weeks of age
Speak to a GP unique if your baby has any of the following long-term conditions:
- a history of intussusception (a disorder of the intestines)
- severe combined immunodeficiency disorder (SCID) – a rare genetic disease that establishes babies very vulnerable to infection
- fructose intolerance, glucose-galactose malabsorption or sucrase-isomaltase insufficiency – which are all rare inherited disorders
Is the rotavirus oral vaccine made in eggs? does this affect children with allergies?
This vaccine is not made in eggs and must be safe for babies with general allergies. but, any baby with a history of allergy to the vaccine, or to any of the substances that go into the vaccine, should not be vaccinated.
Does the rotavirus oral vaccine have thiomersal?
No. None of the routine childhood vaccines needs thiomersal.
What if my baby is ill on the day the vaccination is due?
There’s no reason to postpone the appointment, unless your baby is seriously ill plus a fever or diarrhoea and vomiting. If your baby is well enough to fill the other routine vaccinations, they can fill the rotavirus vaccine.
Read our vaccination tips for parents.
How long want the rotavirus vaccination protect my baby for?
We do not know for obvious, but clinical trials have shown that 2 doses of the vaccine protect for approximately years.
Can I opt out if I wish?
Yes. No one can force you to own your baby vaccinated against rotavirus infection, but the evidence suggests that it’s in the best interests of your child.
Read more nearby why vaccination is safe and important.
Is it OK to breastfeed my baby once the vaccination?
Yes. There are no problems linked by breastfeeding babies who have recently had the rotavirus oral vaccine.
Do I privation to take special care when changing my baby’s nappy at what time rotavirus vaccination?
Yes. Because the vaccine is given to your baby by mouth, it’s possible that the virus in the vaccine desire pass through your baby’s gut and be picked up by whoever progresses their nappy.
The vaccine contains a disappointed form of the rotavirus, so traces of it in a baby’s nappy mind not harm healthy people.
However, it could be a courtyard for people with a severely weakened immune scheme (such as anyone having chemotherapy).
As a precaution, anyone in close contact with recently vaccinated babies necessity take special care with personal hygiene for 2 weeks behindhand vaccination, including washing their hands carefully at what time changing the baby’s nappy.
Will the rotavirus vaccination terminate my baby getting any sickness and diarrhoea?
No. Rotavirus is not the only cause of sickness and diarrhoea in babies, so some may still become unwell. nonetheless, around 8 out of 10 babies who gain the vaccine will be protected from severe vomiting and diarrhoea commanded by rotavirus.
The more babies who occupy the vaccine, the more difficult it desire be for the virus to spread.
My baby was premature. When should they have the rotavirus vaccine?
As among all vaccinations, the schedule should be followed from the loyal date of birth, not from the daylight your baby was due. Therefore, your baby should occupy the rotavirus vaccine at 8 weeks and 12 weeks old, no custom how premature they were.
Read more about NHS vaccinations and after to have them.
Can my baby maintain the rotavirus oral vaccine at the same daylight as other vaccines?
Yes, it’s safe for your baby to possess the rotavirus oral vaccine at the same day as other childhood vaccines, such as the 6-in-1 and pneumococcal vaccines.
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